Dover Demon (MA)

The Dover Demon is a case involving three separate witnesses who, over the course of one week in April 1977, each reportedly encountered a small pale orange humanoid creature with large eyes in Dover, Massachesetts. The witnesses disagreed on the creature's glowing eye color (ranging from orange, green to no eye glow at all).

The name "Dover Demon" was reportedly coined by Fortean researcher Loren Coleman and the story is featured in Creatures of The Outer Edge (1978) by Loren Coleman and Jerome Clark as well as Monsters of Massachusetts (2013) by Loren Coleman.

  • First Sighting (April 21st 1977) - Bill Bartlett (Orange eyes)
  • Second Sighting (April 21st 1977) - John Baxter (No eye glow)
  • Third Sighting (April 22nd 1977) - Abby Brabham (Green eyes)

The Dover Demon's Men In Black (MIB)

The Daily Transcript, August 30th 1977 and The Needham Chronicle, August 31st 1977. Article titled “That ‘Demon’ in Dover was Real to UFO author in Needham” by Joan Wright.

"It could be coincidence, but Coleman implies it’s more. He reported that two months to the day of the first sighting, two 'men in black’ appeared at the Dover House, (similar in philosophy to the Walker House) looking for Coleman.

A woman at the school gave the men Coleman’s address but they never contacted him. However, the men told the woman not to tell anyone about the Dover Demon. Wearing black leather jackets and white motorcycle helmets, the men, according to the woman, stood perfectly erect with their arms by their sides and spoke in a monotone. They identified themselves as investigators from the National Geographic.

Coleman spoke to a friend in Ohio who, in what appears to be another coincidence, experienced the same thing. The man said that three years ago, after a sighting in Ohio, two men fitting the same description, talking the same way, and also identifying themselves as being from National Geographic, demanded of some witnesses that they not say a word about what they saw."

Source(s):

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dover_Demon

http://www.cryptozoonews.com/dover-mibs/ (June 16th 2016)

http://www.theironskeptic.com/articles/dover/dover.htm

The NASA Gargoyle 1986 (Texas)

In 1986, Frank Shaw - a NASA archivist at Houston Texas’s Johnson Space Center - returned to his car after his shift when he was confronted by a gargoyle-like figure perched on one of the nearby buildings, staring at him.

The NASA Gargoyle

Shaw was frozen in fear at the sight of this astounding apparition, which, according to his description was a ghastly jet-black humanoid that seemed to have a large "cape" draped across its shoulders. It then unfurled its wings, making a crackling noise as it took flight in the powerful howling gust of wind. The sound of the crackling wings seemed to snap him out of stupor and he turned and sprinted towards his vehicle.

At this point, he fumbled with his keys to unlock the door, got into his car and fled home. He was too terrified to even look back to see if he was being pursued by the winged creature.

Unable to forget the encounter, Shaw eventually told his superiors, who revealed that a number of similar sightings had occurred at the center. Shaw's boss revealed that a secret file had been opened on the creature just a few months prior to Shaw's Sighting. The Supervisor stated that the file had been created in response to the gruesome death of two of the bases German shepherds.  Apparently the corpses of the hideously mutilated canines had been discovered in exactly in the same area where Shaw had seen the gargoyle.

Following his unusual confession, Shaw's story made its way up the chain of command until it apparently came to the attention of some NASA officials who decided to interrogate the witness. According to Shaw's Daughter Desiree, her father was intensely grilled by what she referred to as "NASA security people who were flown in from somewhere in Arizona" who informed him that it would be in his family's best interest if he kept quiet about the encounter. The sighting was not revealed until 2004, when Desiree Shaw relayed it to author Nick Redfern.

White Things (WV)

White Things

White Things (also known as Devil Dogs or Sheepsquatch) are strange white creatures reported across numerous counties in West Virginia. Some White Things are described to have dog like features, but in different accounts, some are woolly-haired humanoid creatures like Bigfoot, demons or even prehistoric cats.

1973:

A mysterious white creature was seen in July 1973 in the TNT area of Point Pleasant (the epicenter of the Mothman sightings during the 1966-67 wave). This creature, however, looked nothing like the Mothman. A seven years old boy was riding in a car with members of his family...The witness later reported the sighting and described the thing as 'mostly white, no wings, with real thick, shaggy hair.' No face was seen, but the head was about three feet wide. The being appeared suddenly alongside the car and floated through the air, following them for a few moments at about sixty-five miles an hour.

1994:

In 1994, a former Navy seaman stated having witnessed the beast breaking through the forest, after ingesting a mound of shroom caps he found on the forest floor. The white thing breached, the brush line and knelt to drink from the creek. Here it drank for a few minutes before crossing the creek and continuing on toward the nearby road. The witness stated that they observed the animal for a while before it moved on into the surrounding brush.

The same year, Two children observed the creature while playing in their yard within Boone County. What they reported having observed looked like a large white bear yet in this case stood up on its hind legs, making it over six feet tall, presumably it did so in a manner similar to bears trying to observe as opposed to walking bipedally. Startled by the children, the beast ran off through the forest, breaking medium-sized limbs off of trees in its path.

1995:

The creature was next spotted a year later, this time involving a car. A couple driving through Boone County observed a large white beast sitting in the ditch alongside the roadway. As many curious passersby might do in such a situation, they stopped their car to get a better look at it. They described it as mostly similar to earlier descriptions, yet they added that the monster had "four eyes". In stark contrast to the last sighting where the creature fled the scene, the being leaped out of the ditch and started to attack the car. Frightened by the attack, the couple drove off quickly, and once they arrived back at home noticed large scratches on the side where the beast had attacked.

1999:

Another incident in 1999 involved a couple of campers who were in the forest at night, again in Boone County, around a bonfire. They eventually heard an animal snorting and scuffling around the camp in a manner similar to an aggravated bear, though it did not come into the light of the campfire immediately.

All of a sudden the thing suddenly charged out of the darkness at the campers. Reacting quickly, they jumped up and ran back into their house, all the while being pursued by the creature. The white thing stopped at the edge of the forest when they crossed it and let out a "terrible scream". It then turned around and headed back into the woods. The next morning, the campers returned to their campsite and the trail home, finding it to be torn up; they referred to it as "like someone had tilled it up for gardening".

Moth656.png

2003:

At midnight on June 24th 2003, "Aaron R." embarked on his evening constitutional at Fort Ashby (Mineral County)WV, planning to complete forty laps of Frankfort Cemetery, east of town on Cemetery Road. That routine normally consumed two hours, but on this occasion he was interrupted at 1:45 a.m., by screams from the nearby woods that sounded like a female in distress. Despite his instant fear, Aaron moved towards the source of those intimidating sounds.

"I went closer to the trees to help, but it was not human and it was not hurt. It ran past me at a high rate of speed and it turned back and looked at me for four seconds. It was pure white, had pointy teeth, and had feet of a horse. It ran off, up the remote mountain. You could even hear it scream again from up there."

In retrospect, Aaron recalled "a few other times I heard noises like huge snaps of woods breaking in the woods and small hisses from the woods, but at the time I figured deer and weak tree limbs. The trees are old as it is, but now I wonder.

We may question whether Aaron in the circumstance - frightened in the dark, an apparition running past him at top speeds - was accurate in his description of the creature's feet and teeth. Fangs probably impressed him more than hooves, but in the absence of evidence, who knows? As matters stands, the thing he claims to have seen resembles nothing known to science.

2015

In Fulks Run, Virginia, the beast was spotted once again in the forests of Appalachia. The creature was spotted close to midnight by six campers, spending the night in the dense woods. The beast was reportedly 8-9 feet tall with a shoulder length of 4-5 feet. One of the campers first saw the beast at the top of the near by hill, in a crouching position. Then it stood up, and he alerted the other campers. Then it started running down the steep hill toward the campers, but they were separated by the river that was flowing through.

They look in horror as it searched for a way to cross, and with no other option, began to wade through the river. It finally came out of the water, and the campers reported that it appeared like a bipedal dog in the chest, with its fur wet from the river crossing. Then a loud gut-based screech was heard about two miles off from where they were. Then the creature looked up in shock, just high enough so the moonlight was in its face, and the campers looked on in fear as it let out a pathetic whimper, then in a sprint, ran in the opposite direction of the noise. The campers quickly packed and left, then reported it to the locals, fearing that if the authorities were informed, they would be ridiculed. The identity of the campers is unknown.

Source(s):

Monsters of West Virginia by Rosemary Ellen Guiley

Strange West Virginia Monsters by Michael Newton

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⦁ Flying Manta Rays 2004 (WV)

Witness(es): Unnamed Woman

Date: Saturday, December 3rd 2004, between 6PM to 7PM

Location: Ashton, West Virginia (along Rt. 2 towards Huntington WV)

Investigator(s): Rosemary Ellen Guiley, Kurt McCoy

Story/Description: On Saturday December 3rd 2004, between 6PM and 7PM, a man and woman were traveling on Route 2 from Pt Pleasant to Huntington. As they drove near Ashton WV, the woman in the passenger seat noticed movement in the sky to the right above the Ohio river. The grey shape was bigger than a car and wider than two road lanes. It glided 25ft above them and swooped down in a figure 8 towards the windshield then suddenly disappeared.

The flying manta-ray-like creature was smooth looking and translucent like a jellyfish. It had no head, eyes, feet or tail but it did have wings and moved through the air like an underwater creature swimming through the ocean.

Note 1: Another flying manta ray reportedly flew over the car of a woman and her daughter in Horton WV located in Randolph county. It was dubbed the “Horton Horror".

Note 2: Fortean researcher Kurt McCoy also received a report from a man who claimed to see a huge manta ray shaped thing with two reddish-orange eyes fly up from the road in front of him. He honked his horn and the dark form few off over a hill.

Source(s): Monsters of West Virginia (2012) by Rosemary Ellen Guiley

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The Crimean Crow - March 14th mid1850's

Moth172.png

In the mid-1850's, during a six-day battle of the Crimean War, on March 14th, a band of five Russian soldiers crept towards the center of the battlefield, planning an ambush just after midnight. According to the sole survivor of the group, the skies suddenly blackened and a headless, crow-like creature appeared above the men. The men lost their bearings and fled back to their own camp, where the Russians, mistaking them for Turks, opened fire on them; only one man survived. According to other sources, the men actually were Turks, and the animal was a actually a swarm of bats.

Letayuschiy chelovek - July 11, 1908

Russia has a long tradition of what are called Letayuschiy chelovek or "Flying Human Beings" with one of the most famous sightings happening on July 11th 1908, when explorer V. K. Arsenyev saw one near the mouth of the River Gobilli.

Headless Angel - Summer 1915

Our next winged man was described as headless "angel". In the summer of 1915, Lucia Abobora and three other young shepherdesses were playing along a ridge near Cabeco, Portugal. They reportedly saw "a figure like a statue made of snow which the rays of the sun had turned somewhat transparent" hovering in the air.

Source(s): Strange Creatures From Time And Space by John Keel (1970) (Page 204) (Chapter 17)

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Winged Figure -1961

Sometime in 1960-61 (the witness no longer remembers the exact date) a lady in West Virginia (who is most prominent in civic affairs and has requested anonymity) was driving on Roue 2 along the Ohio River on the West Virginia side with her elderly father. As they passed through a sector of the edge of a park known as the Chief Cornstalk Hunting Grounds, a tall man-like figure suddenly appeared on the road in from of them.

"I slowed," she said years later, "and as we go closer we could see that it was much larger than a man. A big gray figure. It stood in the middle of the road. Then a pair of wings unfolded from its back and they practically filled the whole road. It almost looked like a small airplane. Then it took off straight up...disappearing out of sight in seconds. We were both terrified. I stepped on the gas and raced out of there. We talked it over and decided not to tell anybody about it. Who would believe us anyway?"

Source(s): Strange Creatures From Time And Space by John Keel (1970) (Page 210) (Chapter 17)

Angel - 1965

In 1965, a woman living on the Ohio River, some miles from Clendenin West Virginia, was amused when her seven year old son ran into the house one day and excitedly told her that he had seen "An angel . . . A man with wings". She assumed it was just his imagination and thought no more about it, until the next year when Mothman sightings started being reported on in Point Pleasant West Virginia.

Source(s): Strange Creatures From Time And Space by John Keel (1970) (Page 213) (Chapter 18)

Giant Butterfly - Summer 1966

In the summer of 1966 a woman in the Ohio valley, the wife of a doctor, was in her backyard when a six foot long thing soared past her very rapidly. She thought it resembled a "giant butterfly" and she dared to mention the incident to only a few people.

Source(s): Strange Creatures From Time And Space by John Keel (1970) (Page 213) (Chapter 18)

Flying Humanoid - September 1st 1966

At about 2:00 PM on the afternoon of Thursday, September 1st 1966, Mrs. James Ikart of Scott Mississippi was astonished to see a man flying around above the Pine Land Plantation. She telephoned the Delta Democrat Times, Greenville, Mississippi and a reporter armed with cameras was rushed to the scene.

He found several people staring at the sky, all claiming that they had seen an object shaped like man maneuvering overhead. "It got down pretty low and then would go up," Mrs. Ikart told him. "I have never seen anything like this before."

[ Mississippi on September 1st 1966, a flying humanoid was seen at low altitude in the vicinity of the town of Scott. Several adults saw a man-shaped thing in the sky. ]

Source(s): Strange Creatures From Time And Space by John Keel (1970) (Page 210) (Chapter 17)

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Grotesque Head - October 1974

In October 1974, near Elma New Youk, Fortean investigator Virginia M. Miller reported that a witness saw an "immense birdlike creature with a wingspan of about nine or ten feet, a humanlike body and large grotesque head".

Large Bird - August 1978

In August 1978, a large bird visited Oceana, Wyoming County, West Virginia. Witness Edward Cook reported three sightings of a creature near his home, on Clear Fork Road. The bird's plumage was "a silver-blue color. Its wingspread is something enormous. Maybe that wind storm earlier this summer forced it down".

Airplane Sized Bird - November 4th 2001

The Bristol Press of Connecticut reported that on Sunday, November 4th 2001, a Nicholas Drive man called police and said to have seen an object hovering near the Beals Community Center at about 1:00 AM that morning. The Bristol resident said that while he was walking his dog, he looked up to see something like a bird with flapping wings but it was the size of an ultra light airplane and produced 'a whirring, almost mechanical sound.'

Incredibly Large Crow - August

Abe and Mildred Patterson traveled with their children on US Route 19 West Virginia along the New River, to visit relatives in Fayetteville. It was a "fine August day" of an undisclosed year. Spying a picnic table at roadside, the Pattersons stopped for lunch and were still unpacking the car when young daughter Emily screamed in terror. Abe and Mildred, with son John, rushed to find the girl battling with "an incredibly large crow". The blogger writes, "She was trying to run and so kept getting further and further into the brush, away from anyone who could help her. By the time her father caught up with her, she'd lost both her eyes. Two weeks later, she died of infection.

Other References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mothman

Mysterious Monsters By Tomson Gale

Monsters of West Virginia by Rosemary Ellen Guiley

Mothman and other curious encounters by Loren Coleman

Eyes of The Mothman Documentary (2011)

Strange West Virginia Monsters by Michael Newton

Bluefield's Gargoyle

One afternoon in West Virginia, Bluefield, Mercer County on Longview Avenue, while playing with Matchbox cars near a neighbor's tall hedge, "Robert S." had a frightening experience.

"I was sitting there in broad sunny daylight when all of sudden I saw rustling in the hedges. I looked over and out popped what I can only put into words as a gargoyle. It looked at me with solid, pointed black eyes. It had frog-green skin. It faces looked like a frog except it had teeth and ears that I'll never forget for the rest of my life.

Its ears flexed outwards like two big green gloves on the side of its head, like the king that the gargoyles in statues has [sic]. Its body was shaped like a bulldog and its webbed feet turned inwards as it walked. Once it saw me. It paused and opened its mouth wide open and hissed. He held it wide open as if to taste the air. I was so scared that I was completely paralyzed. I tried to cry for help, but nothing came out as if someone took the pause button off of me, I fled so fast to my home that I don't even remember the race getting there."

Arriving home, Robert blurted out the story to his mother. She tried to calm him, paging through a Childcraft book of animals, seeking an illustration that would match the creature he had seen. "The closest animal that I could find that looked like what I saw was a koala bear", he later wrote, "but I only picked that animal out because it had similar black pointed eyes".

His mother reassured him that koalas lived far off, in Australia, suggesting that what he'd seen was a dog. He was still haunted by the sighting decades and searched in vain for similar stories.

Source(s): Strange West Virginia Monsters by Michael Newton

The Thunderbird of Owl Head Mountain 1895

In West Virginia, February 1st 1895, A ten year old girl named Landy Junkins was running errands for her parents. It was a cold winter day in Bergoo, Webster County. She was making her way through the snow to check on old Mrs. Warnick who lived a couple of miles away. She started though the large frozen field ahead of her, but she never made it to Mrs. Warnick's place, nor did she ever make it home. She was never seen again.

Everyone went out looking for the young girl, but all their searching turned up was a lone set of small footprints that went out into the middle of a large frozen field and stopped. This tragedy would be only the beginning of the horror stories coming from Owl Head Mountain during this long, hard winter.

Not far from the field where Landy disappeared, a farmer named Hance Hardrick had put up a shed to shelter his sheep through the bad weather. When he went out to check on the sheep he found one sheep missing, with a large hole ripped through the roof of the shed. There were no footprints in the snow but the farmer's own. Whatever did the damage had to be able to fly, and it had to be big enough to carry a full-grown sheep.

On February 7th 1895, Deputy Sheriff Rube Nihiser and his son would become the first people to actually see the beast. They were tracking deer through the woods near the base of Owl Head Mountain when they heard the cries of a doe. The two men were stunned when they came upon the scene, giant bird with huge talons and a monstrous beak was attacking the doe and her fawn. The bird stood taller than a man and had an enormous wingspan. Rube fired a rifle shot as the beast scooped up the screaming fawn and flew away as, leaving the torn up doe with her eyes pecked out. The hunters escaped unnoticed and unharmed but the next person to meet this winged nightmare was not so lucky.

The next day, Peter Swadley was out hunting with his dog, Gunner In Taylor County. Out of nowhere he was attacking in a flurry of great huge wings. Giant claws ripped at him and a giant beak smashed against his head like an axe. Gunner ran at the bird and attacked it from behind. The bird let go of Peter and went after the dog. Gunner protected his owner but was carried away in the bird's talons. A neighbor found Peter and got him to a doctor. He may be the only man who can say he survived an attack by the Thunderbird of Owl Head Mountain.

Source(s):

Monsters & Ghosts of West Virginia by Eric Turner and Isaac McKinnon

Strange West Virginia Monsters by Michael Newton

Elias Midkoff's Giant Bird 1896 Sighting

In Lincoln County West Virginia, sometime in the year 1896, Elias Midkoff and W. W. Adkins were hunting deer near the mouth of Vanatters Creek, when they saw a very large bird circling high in the sky. As they watched it, It rapidly descended and landed in the water. Adkins fired on it, crippling its wings and waded into the creek to capture it alive. It fought him so furiously, however, that he was forced to kill it in self defense. It took five bullets to end its life.

A Baltimore newspaper, based on a description provided by Midkoff, stated, "The bird is seven, feet four inches from tip to tip, four feet from tip of bill to tip of tail, flat bill four inches long and eight inches wide, somewhat similar to that of a duck; web feet, neck nineteen inches long, and about 1 and a half inches through below the feathers; plumage dark brown, relieved on the wings and breast by light-blue shading.

Midkoff had traveled to Charleston to urge the state historical and Antiquarian Society to dispatch a taxidermist to Hamlin in order to preserve the body of the mysterious bird. Apparently nothing came of the request. And nothing remains of the bird, presumably, if it existed at all. Clearly, from the description of its bill and feet, it was no raptor. Ducks belong to the family Anatidae, with geese and swans. The largest species known to visit West Virginia seasonally s the trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator), with a record body length of six feet and a top wingspan of ten feet two inches, but its snow white plumage bears no resemblance to the bird at Vanatters Creek.

Source(s): Strange West Virginia Monsters by Michael Newton

Awohali's Flying Humanoid (Man-Bat) Sighting 2006

In Wisconsin, September 2006, A local Cherokee man was being driven home by his son when they encountered a flying humanoid creature. He told the story of his sighting on the Mothman episode of the television show "Monster Quest".

"The first thing I saw were the eyes and what I thought maybe were teeth" said Awohali.

They sped up and started making sharp turns to shake the animal but the beast pursued them undeterred. The creature hovered in front of the windshield as they drove allowing the man to see the Man-bat clearly.

Awohali described it as a "Winged creature, 14 foot wingspan at least, it was huge, It almost covered half the road. It was close enough for to me to reach out and touch, it almost hit the windshield. It had a white mouth, the eyes were the size of the reflectors alongside the road. The body was attached to the wings. It had grey and brown, hair like, but not much hair, more fleshy, kind of like a bat. That's why I called it a Man-bat because it looked like a cross between a man and a bat".

Then the bat-like creature abruptly changed directions before their eyes and flew directly up, like a helicopter. he described the strange way the Man-bat flew off by saying "It was like in mid air at wind shield height. I have never seen an animal move like that. It just went straight up".

As the creature departed, the creature let out a shriek. "We heard this sound in our heads, it was kind of like vertigo, It made us sick to our stomach, real high pitch ringing and my son swerved and went off the road. He opened the drivers door and threw up and I got sick".

The man returned to location a couple days later, thinking that maybe the creature had come out of the bushes or was on the road there. He found a deer carcass laying along side the ditch and thought that this had something to do with the creature at first but further looking into it, they found the deer carcass to just be the work of a human poacher and not connected to the sighting at all.

Source(s): MonsterQuest Television Show - Episode 64 (2010)

Lamont Greer's Winged Humanoid Sighting 2009

On August of 2009 in Sacramento California, photographer Lamont Greer was taking photos of a local bridge when he spotted a winged creature. Lamont peered through the darkness and saw a shadowy figure on top of the bridge. In an interview for the television show MonsterQuest he said "Its such an eerie feeling to see something like right out of a horror movie".

Lamont Greer told about his sighting saying "I had just finished filming the backside of the bridge, so I was bent down putting my camera back in my camera bag and I just kind of felt something looking at me".

He further explained saying "When I first saw it, I didn't know what it was because it could have been anything, you know, its late at night and then my eyes kind of focused on it better and I said, you know, there's something up there. It kind of spread its wings and then it started flying off, that's when I could see the extension of the body".

Greer tried to photograph the strange creature but it was too fast, it disappeared over his head leaving him terrified and shaken. He described the creature by saying "It wasn't a man, It wasn't a bird, it was something that was absolutely strange and something unique. I mean if it wanted to come down and really hurt someone or attack, It could definitely cause damage".

Source(s): MonsterQuest Television Show - Episode 64 (2010)

Motorists Teratorn 2007 Encounter

An event occurred near Clendenin West Virginia, in late September or early October of 2007, as an unidentified motorist followed a two-lane road in broad daylight, around 8 a.m. Rounding a curve, the driver slammed on his brakes to avoid striking a large, winged creature standing on the pavement, eating roadkill. As described to Gordon, the bird-thing stood at least four feet tall, with a "dominant" head poised above the car's roof line. Its head was bare above a long and "somewhat crooked" neck, separated from the bird's coat of thick dark feathers by "a very dominant yellowish orange collar of plumage". Its chest was "very distinct and well formed", while the dark body perched atop bare feet and legs.

"We both startled each other it seems," the driver remarked, "for it looked as shocked as I was. In seeing me, it turned me and in an awkward way, ran from my vehicle so as as to fly away. It was more like a jumping, hopping run which took probably a distance of five yards before its absolutely huge wingspan lifted it into flight. Its wingspan easily was as wide as the two lane road which we were on". The driver later measured the road's width, a total of twenty-one feet.

"The wings were, as I can remember, as arms of a human are attached. It had shoulders. It had a very muscular upper torso and the wings were as if they were its arms. The wing beat, as you put it, seemed distinct, not panicky or cumbersome but distinct in its fluid motion. The only thing cumbersome was the gait in which it seemingly ran jumping from one foot to the other in a hopping manner while flapping to gain speed to take off. As the bird did gain flight and in flapping away, it appeared the wings were massive feathered arms. Shoulders were evident, however not huge athletic sized shoulder."

After his sighting, the witness did some research in an effort to determine what he'd seen. Gordon writes, "He said the closest thing that he could find, was a drawing of a Teratorn, an extinct bird."

In fact, the family Teratornithidae includes at least five species of prehistoric birds, with a sixth species disputed. The Largest, Argentavis Magnificens, known from fossil found in Argentina, boasted a wingspan of twenty feet or more, tipping the scales at 176 pounds, and is presumed to be extinct for some eight million years. The next largest species, Aiolornis.

Source(s): Strange West Virginia Monsters by Michael Newton
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